God

There is one and only one living and true God. He is an intelligent, spiritual, and personal Being, the Creator, Redeemer, Preserver, and Ruler of the universe. God is infinite in holiness and all other perfections. To him we owe the highest love, reverence, and obedience. The eternal God reveals Himself to us as Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, with distinct personal attributes, but without division of nature, essence, or being.

1. God the Father

God as Father reigns with providential care over His universe, His creatures, and the flow of the stream of human history according to the purposes of His grace. He is all-powerful, all-loving, and all-wise. God is Father in truth to those who become children of God through faith in Jesus Christ. He is fatherly in His attitude toward all men.

Gen. 1:12:7Ex. 3:146:2-315:11ff.; 20:1ff.; Levit. 22:2; Deut. 6:432:61 Chron. 29:10Psalm 19:1-3Isa. 43:3,1564:8Jer. 10:1017:13Matt. 6:9ff.; 7:1123:928:19Mark 1:9-11John 4:245:2614:6-1317:1-8Acts 1:7Rom. 8:14-151 Cor. 8:6Gal. 4:6Ephes. 4:6Col. 1:151 Tim. 1:17Heb. 11:612:91 Peter 1:171 John 5:7.

2. God the Son

Christ is the eternal Son of God. In His incarnation as Jesus Christ, He was conceived of the Holy Spirit and born of the virgin Mary. Jesus perfectly revealed and did the will of God, taking upon Himself the demands and necessities of human nature and identifying Himself completely with mankind yet without sin. He honored the divine law by His personal obedience, and in His death on the cross He made provision for the redemption of men from sin. He was raised from the dead with a glorified body and appeared to His disciples as the person who was with them before His crucifixion. He ascended into heaven and is now exalted at the right hand of God where He is the One Mediator, partaking of the nature of God and of man, and in whose Person is effected the reconciliation between God and man. He will return in power and glory to judge the world and to consummate His redemptive mission. He now dwells in all believers as the living and ever-present Lord.

Gen. 18:1ff.; Psalms 2:7ff.; 110:1ff.; Isa. 7:1453Matt. 1:18-233:178:2911:2714:3316:16,2717:52728:1-6,19Mark 1:13:11Luke 1:354:4122:7024:46John 1:1-18,2910:30,3811:25-2712:44-5014:7-1116:15-16,2817:1-521-2220:1-20,28Acts 1:92:22-247:55-569:4-5,20Rom. 1:3-43:23-265:6-218:1-3,3410:41 Cor. 1:302:28:615:1-8,24-282 Cor. 5:19-218:9Gal. 4:4-5Ephes. 1:203:114:7-10Phil. 2:5-11Col. 1:13-222:91 Thess. 4:14-181 Tim. 2:5-63:16Titus 2:13-14Heb. 1:1-34:14-157:14-289:12-15,24-2812:213:81 Peter 2:21-253:221 John 1:7-93:24:14-155:92 John 7-9Rev. 1:13-165:9-1412:10-1113:819:16.

3. The Holy Spirit

The Holy Spirit is the Spirit of God. He inspired holy men of old to write the Scriptures. Through illumination He enables men to understand truth. He exalts Christ. He convicts of sin, of righteousness, and of judgment. He calls men to the Saviour, and effects regeneration. He cultivates Christian character, comforts believers, and bestows the spiritual gifts by which they serve God through His church. He seals the believer unto the day of final redemption. His presence in the Christian is the assurance of God to bring the believer into the fulness of the stature of Christ. He enlightens and empowers the believer and the church in worship, evangelism, and service.

Gen. 1:2Judg. 14:6Job 26:13Psalms 51:11139:7ff.; Isa. 61:1-3Joel 2:28-32Matt. 1:183:164:112:28-3228:19Mark 1:10,12Luke 1:354:1,18-1911:1312:1224:49John 4:2414:16-17,2615:2616:7-14Acts 1:82:1-4,384:315:36:37:558:17,3910:4413:215:2816:619:1-6Rom. 8:9-11,14-16,26-271 Cor. 2:10-143:1612:3-11Gal. 4:6Ephes. 1:13-144:305:181 Thess. 5:191 Tim. 3:164:12 Tim. 1:143:16Heb. 9:8,142 Peter 1:211 John 4:135:6-7Rev. 1:1022:17.